What is Pest Control?

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Many people outside of the pest control industry will normally call up a pest controller when they have issues with pests such as cockroaches, rodents or termites.

They will commonly see the pest control technicians, walk around their property with their equipment applying pesticides or placing some sort of trap internally and externally.  The technicians will prepare their service report, the customer will have a look at what was done, sign it, and that’s the end of the service.

However, during or after the service some people are curious and ask questions such as:

“How did those pests get in my property in the first place?”

“Why did they do THAT treatment?”

“Are the chemicals safe?”

“Are the chemicals effective?”

“Do we need to have more services?”

“Is there anything else we can do to prevent it from happening?”

Normally, an experienced technician will be able to answer all these questions, as it is expected to help the customer gain a peace of mind. However, not everyone has a pest control provider or may not even know they require it.

In order to answer some of these questions we will be giving a quick crash course to help understand the basics as fundamentally public awareness and environmental responsibility are crucial to a successful pest control program:

  • What is a Pest?

  • What is a Vector?

  • What is Pest Control?

  • Why is Pest Control important?

  • What can I do without a pest control provider?


What is a Pest?

Pests are any undesirable plants or animals that are detrimental towards the environment and public health. These undesirable effects can be economical damages to properties and negative impacts to the general populations’ health. This is a broad definition and can encompass a wide range of organisms ranging from plant life to fish to insects to even mammals.

Pests can be found almost anywhere as long as they are in close proximity to a food source and have an ideal nesting/breeding environment. As a result, in many cases there may be an ongoing-invasion.

The pest control industry handles pests such as:

  • Ants

  • Termites

  • Bedbugs

  • Snakes

  • Storage Beetles

  • Moths


What is a Vector?

A sub category of pests are called Vectors. Vectors are pests that carry diseases that can be passed on to another living organism.

Vectors can be very deadly towards human beings, carrying disease such as Dengue, Maleria and Salmonella. This can result in severe health problems for the general public and can even cause the loss of life. In recent years many epidemics have been as a direct result of vector-borne diseases such as H1N1 (Avian Flu) and Zika.

The pest control helps to eradicate vectors such as:

  • Mosquitoes

  • Rodents

  • Flies

  • Cockroaches

  • Ticks

  • Birds

A key takeaway is …. All Vectors are pests, but not all pests are vectors!

What is Pest Control?

Now that we know what pests and vectors are, we can see that it is important to have some form of protection against them, this will come in the form of Pest Control. Pest Control is the action of eliminating and protecting properties against any plant or animal defined as a pest. The control element comes in the form of a treatment program.

However, before a treatment program is created, the pest control company needs to be able to capture important details about the property in the form of a site-survey.

Once site information has been collected, a tailor-made Pest Control Program is set up by a Pest Control Provider that can include:

  • Pesticide & Trapping Application Strategies

  • Sanitation Strategies

  • Exclusion Strategies

In many cases, as pest problems may persist or reoccur regularly, a Pest Control Program will be a form of property maintenance with regular servicing ranging from multiple times a week to a quarterly servicing.

Why is Pest Control important?

Peace of mind. In the end that is what customers want. Pest-related damages to properties and vector-borne diseases can cost many thousands of dollars if there is no proper pest program in place. Having a pest control program for your property ensures that these issues can easily be dealt.

What can I do without a pest control provider?

There are many things that you can do if the degree of a pest issue isn’t severe. Here are a few tips.

  • Get yourself an aerosol insect spray from your local super market. They are easy to use and can be directly sprayed onto cockroaches and ants

  • Keep your property clean. Poor sanitation creates conditions that increase your chance of having a pest problem.

  • Seal up any unnecessary openings. The small holes, cracks and crevices are often primary points of entry into buildings and their rooms. Pests will capitalise on these and have an easy route in and out of the property.

If you’ve tried all these tips and still have a persisting problem, it may be time to call yourself a Pest Control Provider.

Krystian -