Types of Ants in Myanmar
There are dozens of different types of ants in Myanmar. The country actually shares its most popular ant pests with nearby Singapore. Both places have tropical climates which make it easy for ants to thrive. These pests live in highly structured colonies. The ants that people tend to see are the workers who leave in search of food. They leave trails that humans can’t see which alert others to potential food sources. Once there is an ant infestation, it’s important to eliminate their food and make sure they have nothing to eat. If they can’t find food, they won’t stay.
The most common types of ants in Myanmar are Carpenter, Pharaoh, and Ghost.
Almost everyone has heard of Carpenter ants. They are dangerous for properties because they live in wood and build large tunnels for their colonies. They don’t eat the wood and prefer sweet fruits and dead insects. Carpenter ants are one of the largest species, with workers being up to 15-17 mm. long! They are black to reddish-brown and have large heads and mouths for building their colonies. Any wooden structure could become infested with these pests.
Pharaoh ants are 2 mm. long and have a distinctive yellow or gold hue to their heads and bodies. They are difficult to eliminate. When sprayed with pesticides, the ants scatter and will hide throughout an area until they regroup. They can build colonies almost anywhere and usually aren’t bothered by humans. They eat oily foods as well as proteins.
Ghost ants are called sugar ants because they eat sweet things like carbohydrates. They have large, dark heads and translucent bodies. Most of these ants are between 1.3 and 1.5 mm. long and live in kitchens. Most people have trouble seeing them because of their size and color.
How to Tell the Types Apart
Since ants share the same home structure, it’s important to check appearance and food source to tell them apart. This chart notes some of the major characteristics of each type of ant in Myanmar.
Signs of an Ant Infestation
Ants are sneaky, so it is hard to tell when they invade a property. One of the first signs is actually seeing an ant inside, at which point an entire colony could be present. Other signs include finding crumbs which have been moved or discovering ant hills or nests right up against a home or business. Unfortunately, these are often the only clues that something could be wrong.
How to Prevent Ants
Ant prevention is a simple process. The best way to avoid an infestation is to keep a building properly sealed. This includes using caulk to close up gaps around windows, doors, or cracks in the walls. Doors and windows should also have screens. Since ants are attracted to potential food sources for the colony, all packages and containers should have a tight seal. Residents and workers should also clean up any food or liquid spills and should vacuum and sweep regularly.
Honestly, the most effective method to avoid ants is to just be clean. If you leave messes behind or food out in the open, ants can detect it and will lead others to take it back to the colony.
How to Eliminate Ants
The easiest way to eliminate ants is with a poisoned bait. Ant colonies have workers who search for food that they bring back to the colony and share. The bait attracts workers, who sample some and carry it to the main ant home. Over a period of hours to days, the ants who ate the bait will die off, eliminating the colony.
Some companies also use pesticides. If the colony can be located, it can be sprayed directly with poisons to eliminate the group in one go. These aren’t as effective as baits but can be cheaper.
Ants don’t have to be the end of the world. If an infestation gets out of hand, contact us for professional assistance.